gummy stem blight of muskmelon
AUTHOR(S)= McGrath, D.J. Disease development is highly influenced by humidity and free moisture on leaves caused by rain or extended dew periods. The pathogen causes gummy stem blight of cucurbits on species of Citrullus, Cucumis and Cucurbita (Keinath et al. Gummy stem blight is a major foliar disease of muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.). It is also evident that calcium and boron nutrient deficiencies may also lead to fruit cracking in Muskmelon fruits. conomon, var. Identification and Characterization of the Causal Agent of Gummy Stem Blight from Muskmelon and Watermelon in East China. Black Diamond has a rating of 1. Didymella bryoniae, syn. The present invention is directed to a method for producing gummy stem blight resistant Cucumis melo hybrid seeds, plants, breeding lines, pollen, ovules, and tissue culture. Li Wei, Zhang AiXiang, Jiang Jiao, Yang XingPing, Chen HuaiGu, 2008. In this study, morphological characteristics and rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences were analyzed to identify the causal organism of this disease. Development of a Muskmelon Cultivar with Improved Resistance to Gummy Stem Blight and Desired Agronomic Traits Using Gene Pyramiding Ning ZHANG 1, Bing-hua XU 2, Yan-fei BI , Qun-feng LOU1, Jin-feng CHEN1, Chun-tao QIAN1*, Yong-bing ZHANG 3 and Hong-ping YI 1State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, College of Horticulture, )Rehm., is a severe disease affecting Cucurbitaceae crops including melons. SymptomS and SIgnS Gummy stem blight The gummy stem blight disease has got the symptom of branch split or stem split. The gummy stem blight has become one of the serious disease in present watermelon and muskmelon crops. Morphological examination of the Jeonbuk isolate revealed that the percentage of monoseptal conidia ranged from 0% to 10%, and the average … 1995). Gummy Stem Blight Once GSB appears in a field, there are biological and chemical products available that can assist with disease control. The pathogen was located both externally and internally on the seed. CONTROL OF GUMMY STEM BLIGHT OF MUSKMELON WITH BIOFUNGICIDES AND REDUCED-RISK FUNGICIDES USING MELCAST AND SPRAY SCHEDULES D. B. Langston, Jr., Plant Pathology University of Georgia P O Box 1209 Tifton, GA 31793 Introduction Gummy stem blight (Didymella bryoniae) is one of the most common diseases affecting cantaloupe in Georgia. anthracnose of watermelon. Often, more efficacious management is seen when using products preventively. Effect of seed treatment with Crude Proteins (CP) from Penicillium verruculosum (MRS-PGPF 24) on muskmelon gummy stem blight disease protection under green house conditions: Plants raised from seeds primed with CP were challenge inoculated with pathogen after first true leaf emerges (15 days old). Annual production losses in the Riverland district of New South Wales are ≈30% of early season melons (J. Salvestrin, This project will investigate the gummy stem blight pathogen and growth stage of watermelon to learn more about the disease process. Gummy Stem Blight of Cucurbits; August 12, 1998: This disease occurs on all cucurbits, including cucumber, muskmelon, and watermelon. Suggested Small Ice-box Variety: Jade Star Seeded Varieties for Trial: Baron, Emperor *Fusarium Wilt Resistance Ratings for Muskmelon and Watermelon: a score of "9" indicates excellent resistance, a rating of "1" indicates little or no resistance. Under … Disease (%) was recorded periodically (every 7 days) by observing the number of infected leaves 26. y Formulations and rates of fungicides were chlorothalonil applied as Bravo Ultrex 82.5 WDG 3.0 kg/ha; Bacillus subtilis as Serenade 10WP at 4.5 kg/ha; pyraclostrobin plus boscalid as Pristine 38 WG at 1.0 kg/ha. The gummy stem blight of Hami melon and its control in Xinjiang. The muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) is a member of family Cucurbitaceae and a native of East Africa and is currently cultivated worldwide.In Korea, 45 pathogenic species have been reported in muskmelon. The sterilized broth (121° C, 15 psi for 30 min) was inoculatedwith actively growing mycelial disc of nine mm diameter and incubated for 15 days. Spore concentration of 12 × 10 5 ml −1 was found to be very effective in reestablishment of the pathogen upon artificial inoculation. Institute of Vegetable Crops, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing, China. Alternaria leaf blight and gummy stem blight are important diseases of muskmelon in the eastern United States. Identification of muskmelon gummy stem blight pathogen and its biological characters. agrestis (weedy type melon), and other types. In this study, morphological characteristics and rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences were analyzed to identify the causal organism of this disease. Ismailia, Sharkia, South Tahrir, Nobariah and Cairo (Gezerit El -Dahab).. The purpose of this project is to effectively, economically, and safely manage these diseases using disease forecasting to accurately schedule applications of reduced-risk chemical and biofungicides. To confirm pathogenicity of D. bryoniae, 30-day-old muskmelon plants were wounded using a syringe needle and inoculated at the collar region with a suspension of 12 × 105 conidia mL−1 in sterile distilled water. In India, this disease has been reported in several cucurbits such as ash gourd, bitter gourd, chow-chow, cucumber, muskmelon and ridge gourd. Description. Gummy stem blight management •Crop rotation ~3 years •Fall tillage •Field/greenhouse sanitation •Timely fungicide applications. Didymella bryoniae, causal agent of gummy stem, blight on stem. Crude Oligosaccharide was extracted Gummy stem blight is a major foliar disease of muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.). Stem blight treatment must start before you even plant the seeds to be entirely effective. The method involves using resistant C. melo plants as sources of gummy stem blight resistance in plant breeding programs. Fungicides have proven to be effective for GSB management. The pathogen causes gummy stem blight of cucurbits on species of Citrullus, Cucumis and Cucurbita (Keinath et al. )Rehm, were conducted on 180 accessions of C.melo var. To confirm pathogenicity of D. bryoniae, 30‐day‐old muskmelon plants were wounded using a syringe needle and inoculated at the collar region with a suspension of 12 × 10 5 conidia mL −1 in sterile Mycosphaerella melonis, is an ascomycete fungal plant pathogen that causes Gummy stem blight on the family Cucurbitaceae [1-3].The anamorph/asexual stage for this fungus is called Phoma cucurbitacearum . Acta Phytopathologica Sinica. A melon disease forecaster will be tailored for southern conditions and reduced-risk fungicides and biofungicides will be tested for efficacy. The present invention is directed to a method for producing gummy stem blight resistant Cucumis melo hybrid seeds, plants, breeding lines, pollen, ovules, and tissue culture. Didymella bryoniaeconidia released in columns from pycnidia. Fungal structures-sign. \ American Society for Horticultural Science \ American Society for Horticultural Science. The diseases gummy stem blight and powdery mildew reduce yields of watermelon and muskmelon in the southeastern U.S. momordica, var. The fungus damages the tissues of the stem at all stages of development. cantaloupensis, var. Black rot refers to the same disease on fruit; it is seen less often than the foliar phase. The fungus was mass multiplied in potato dextrose broth. Gummy stem blight of muskmelon. Gummy Stem Blight – Older tissues are generally affected more often than new ones when gummy stem blight fungus is involved. Development of a muskmelon cultivar with improved resistance to gummy stem blight and desired agronomic traits using gene pyramiding Author: Zhang, Ning, Xu, Bing-Hua, Bi, Yan-Fei, Lou, Qun-Feng, Chen, Jin-Feng, Qian, Chun-Tao, Zhang, Yong-Bing, Yi, Hong-Ping Source: Czech journal of genetics and plant breeding 2017 v.53 no.1 pp. The method involves using resistant C. melo plants as sources of gummy stem blight resistance in plant breeding programs. Gummy stem blight reduction is the percent reduction in gummy stem blight compared to gummy stem blight in the non-fungicide treated fallow plots. 23 (1), 85-90. On squash and pumpkin the disease is called black rot, but the pathogen is the same. This publication describes the cycle and symptoms of gummy stem blight and offers management recommendations. Cultivars with a resistance rating less than "6" should not be planted in fields with a history of Fusarium wilt. Gummy stem blight (also called black rot) is one of the most serious foliar diseases of muskmelon and watermelon in Indiana. PP280 Management of Gummy Stem Blight (Black Rot) on Cucurbits in Florida1 Mathews L. Paret, Nicholas S. Dufault, and Stephen M. Olson2 1. Gummy stem blight is the name given to the disease when leaves and stems are infected. Seedling screens of melon (Cucumis melo) for high resistance to gummy stem blight, caused by the fungus Didymella bryoniae (Auersw. Plants infected with the gummy stem blight fungus die quickly if … Gummy stem blight is a major disease affecting cultivation of cucurbitaceous vegetable crops all over the world. Lesions on fruits of cucumber, muskmelon, and watermelon are first oval to circular and greasy green in color. Ping‐Fang Li. Product application timing is critical for control. reticulatus, var. 1995). stage to fruit in storage. Gummy Stem Blight is a cucurbit-rot disease caused by the fungal plant pathogen Didymella bryoniae (anamorph Phoma cucurbitacearum). It is a contagious disease which can spread across a field of fruits. 2the gummy stem blight causing agent in muskmelon. Fruit rot in watermelon is only a problem if the vines are severely infected with gummy stem blight. \ Vawdrey, L. \ Walker, I.O. The pathogen causes gummy stem blight disease in muskmelon. cantalupensis) in both greenhouses and low tunnels in different sites in Egypt, i.e. No information available which indicates that Didymella bryoniae causes gummy stem blight in muskmelon; however, some data indicate that it causes such in watermelon [1, 2]. Gummy stem blight (GSB), caused by Didymella bryoniae (Auersw. Black, wrinkled spots on leaves and dark or sunken areas on stems and fruits are the first signs of disease. Gummy stem blight is a common disease of cucurbits worldwide, and in northern states has been prevalent on squashes and pumpkins. This document is PP280, one of a series of the Plant Pathology Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Muskmelon (cantaloupe), cucumber, and watermelon are most commonly affected by this phase of the disease. Gummy stem blight disease caused by Mycosphaerella melonis fungus is one of the most destructive fungi on cantaloupe (Cucumis melo var. Producers of muskmelon in the eastern United States lose yield and income annually because of two widespread diseases, gummy stem blight and Alternaria leaf blight. Gummy stem blight is a fungal disease of melons, cucumbers and other cucurbits. These diseases often are managed by weekly applications of fungicides. This article is from Mycobiology, volume 38.AbstractGummy stem blight is a major foliar disease of muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.). The lesions subsequently merge and become brownish-black in color—hence the disease is also known as black rot (Figure 11). However, many of the fungicides currently used are limited by regulatory restrictions, such as field re-entry intervals or pre-harvest intervals. inodorus, var. Gummy stem blight is caused by the fungal pathogen Didymella bryoniae. Gummy stem blight (GSB) of muskmelon, caused by Didymella bryoniae, is a significant disease in all areas of extensive melon produc-tion in Australia. Jia J S, 1993. makuwa, var. Seedlings were inoculated with three isolates of D. Gummy Stem Blight can affect a host at any stage of growth in its development and affects all parts of the host including leaves, stems and fruits.
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