hilsa is the national fish of which country
Hilsa fishery The fish is exploited by intensive fishery for the mature migrating adults in the estuaries and river channels, and to a lesser extent by the capture of the jatka in the river. The fame of Hilsa of Padma-Meghna River in Chandpur district is worldwide. The hilsa fish has been recognised as a unique product of Bangladesh and been given the geographical indication (GI) tag. It is highly popular mainly because of it’s flavor and taste. Concerned over the dwindling numbers of the fish in Ganga, the government-run National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has embarked on an ambitious, technology-aided project to help conserve and increase the natural stock of hilsa in the river. Transportation system of Hilsa egg: The transportation system of Hilsa egg was also found out. Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) is the single largest fishery of Bangladesh. We believe information is a powerful driver for the new tomorrow. This alarming trend has been triggered by factors such as overexploitation, dumping of industrial and domestic waste into waterbodies, construction of dams, and siltation. Anisur Rahman3, 1ECOFISHBD Project, WorldFish, Bangladesh, 2ECOFISHBD Project, Center for Natural Resource Studies, Bangladesh, 3Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute, Riverine Station, Chandpur, Bangladesh, Received: 17.10.2018 / Accepted: 24.10.2018 / Published online: 30.10.2018. It is the national fish of Bangladesh. The Hilsa fish is actually an oily fish, and is rich in Omega 3 fatty acids. Bangladeshi Hilsa Fish HEADLINES: BSF seized 2,800 kg of Bangladeshi hilsa being smuggled into India since February WHY IN NEWS: Bangladesh had banned the export of the hilsa from the Padma river, the main branch of the Ganga in the country, eight years ago. Lastly, Catching Hilsa in the ban period should be controlled strictly. After that hundreds of plastic boxes are stored in large Styrofoam boxes and then covered with ice for temporary preservation till transportation. Hilsa is caught and landed throughout the year, the majority of landing (60-70%) is found during the peak breeding season (September-October). On 6 August 2017, Department of Patents, Designs an… The trade and export channel should be monitored regularly whether it is done properly or not. The Irish or hilsha, also spelled relish (Tenualosa ilisha), is the national fish of Bangladesh.This Hilsa is widely found in Bangladesh from the Bay of Bengal to our rivers.As it is anadromous in nature,. All rights reserved. Hilsa catches in Bangladesh represent about 60% of global hilsa production while remaining part comes from mainly India and Myanmar (Hossain, 2014). It is a very popular food fish in the country. Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name. Kolkata: India’s Border Security Force has seized close to 2,800 kg of Bangladeshi hilsa in the last seven months, in a rare example of ‘reverse smuggling’. It is common knowledge that hilsa sh can survive only in rivers. Some of the exploited Hilsa fish before the peak spawning season (before ban period of Hilsa) are found to be matured and gravid (Figures 1-5). Hilsa fish (Tenualosa ilisha) from Hatiya, Ilisha: Bhola, Hizla: Barisal, Patuakhali and from other Hilsa abundant regions are landed in the Fish Landing Center of Chandpur, Bangladesh. In the year 2005-06, about 11 percent of the country's total fish production came from hilsa. It is the national fish of the country and it makes a huge contribution to the national economy and employment (Haldar, 2001). The Hilsa fish is marinated in turmeric and chili paste, before slowly frying on … Hilsa; Hilsa egg; Tenualosa ilisha, Supply chain; Trade; Export; Bangladesh. The population of Bangladesh's national fish is rapidly dwindling in local rivers. It’s popular in India like West Bengal, Orissa, Tripura, Assam, and South Gujarat. In most cases the Styrofoam boxes are transported to Chattagram by either pickup or train. Hilsa is also found in the Assamese, Bengali, Oriya, and Telugu-speaking regions of India. Around half a million fishermen are directly dependent on Hilsa production for their livelihood, and another two million indirectly. Although the price of Hilsa is lower, the prices of Hilsa eggs are much higher due to its demand and unavailability. The price of a plastic box is 50 taka. The fish is also exported globally. It is a very popular fish amongst the people of South Asia and Middle East, but especially with Bengalis and Odias. Hilsa eggs are separated from the inside of these lower grades Hilsa during the salting process (locally called as Nona ilish) and then collected (Figure 2). New Delhi: Lovers of hilsa, the fish considered a big delicacy in most Bengali households, have some good news to look forward to. The Hilsa fish is found in the Bay of Bengal of Bangladesh, India and Myanmar area. We are a voice to you; you have been a support to us. The fame of Hilsa of Padma-Meghna River in Chandpur district is worldwide. Hilsa exploited from different rivers in different regions of the country are landed in plenty at Chandpur Fish Landing Center which is one of the biggest Hilsa landing centers in the country. Hilsa. It is generally … Hilsa is a widely distributed clupeid species inhabiting the coastal waters mainly from Arabian Sea to the Bay of Bengal and ascending most of the estuaries, rivers and brackish water lakes of Indo-Pacific faunistic region for spawning purpose (De, 2001). As Hilsa eggs are traded in the country and exported to foreign countries, the trade and export channel should be monitored regularly whether it is done properly or not. In Bangladesh, it is illegal to catch, carry or sell juvenile hilsa (jatka) from November 1 to June 30 or catch mother hilsa during the breeding season, usually September and October. Figure 2: Pictorial view of Hilsa egg collection from Hilsa fish at Fish Landing Center of Chandpur, Bangladesh. Bangladesh does, and unsurprisingly, it’s Hilsa. Trades of Hilsa egg: How trade of Hilsa egg is done and who are involved with the process were found out. Comments are moderated and will be published only after the site moderator’s approval. At present 4,50,000 people of the country are engaged in hilsa fishing. Friday, BSF troops at the Kalyani border outpost (BOP) in the southern part of the India-Bangladesh frontier seized 200 … Hilsa contributes about 12% to the total fish production and 1% to GDP. Mehedi Hasan Pramanik3, Md. Figure 5: Pictorial view of month-wise trade of processed Hilsa egg boxes. A 100-gram serving of hilsa contains roughly 310 calories, 25 grams of protein, and 22 grams of fat. A sumptuous Bengali feast is incomplete without the hilsa . Neither research work has been done nor is relevant literature found on Hilsa egg trade in Bangladesh. Today, about 75% hilsa is captured in Bangladesh, 15% in Myanmar, just 5% in India and 5% in other countries. Hilsa fish exploited from different rivers in different regions and different landing centers are landed at Chandpur Fish Landing Center (locally known as Mach ghat) located in Boro Station at the bank of River Dakatia. A Bengali proverb is “Macher raja Ilish” which means “Hilsa is the king of fish” (Sarker et al., 2016). Hilsa, the ‘Queen of fishes’, will now be found in Allahabad (now Prayagraj) after 32 years! After the ban period, a class of fish traders comes here to collect the Hilsa eggs from the fish traders of Chandpur Fish Landing Centers. Hilsa eggs, fried and spiced up, are also eaten with relish in countries, though some say this has led to over-consumption of the sh. To protect this important fishery, Bangladesh has set up a landmark management system, imposing a blanket fishing ban for more than two months every year. It comprises 12 percent of total fish production and contributes more than 1 percent to the gross domestic product. It is the only the second product to get the GI tag after jamdani sari. 50–100 km are usually normal in the Bangladeshi rivers. Country boat types, with or without inboard engines, are used in inland capture fisheries. The hilsa is known to be a fast swimmer and can cover even 60 kilometers at a time. Afghanistan Snow leopard: Panthera uncia Albania Eagle: Accipitridae Algeria Fennec fox: Vulpes zerda Angola Red-crested turaco (national bird): Tauraco erythrolophus Hilsa, Tenualosa ilisha, is a large anadromous shad that is the national fish of Bangladesh. The exports of this fish alone fetch upwards of us $10 million annually. Secondary data were collected from the daily newspapers of Bangladesh both local and national. Two varieties of hilsa -- Tenualosa ilisha and Tenualosa toli ilisha -- are found in the marine and fresh waters of Bangladesh. While the body length of the fish may reach up to 60 cm, but commonly found specimens measure 35 to 40 cm. Data were collected primarily from direct observation through personal interview following a structured questionnaire with the fishermen, fisher folk, retailer and local transporters. In this season, about 60-70% hilsa are found to be sexually mature and ripe (Rahman et al., 2009). Hilsa's disappearance has major financial implications for Bangladesh. This ban was introduced by the government in 2011 to protect fragile stocks of hilsa, the country’s national fish. Secondary data were collected from the daily newspapers of Bangladesh both local and national. Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) locally known as ‘Ilish’ is very much involved with the culture of Bangladesh and hence it has been designated as the national fish of Bangladesh (Rahman, 2017). For, the population of hilsa -- the country's national fish -- is fast decreasing in its river system. It is a very popular food fish in the country. Hilsa has secured recognition as the second geographical indication (GI) product of Bangladesh (“Hilsa recognised Bangladesh’s,” 2017). Figure 4: Pictorial view of Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) eggs. Due its export potentiality, the authority should give concern on its trade and make a plan for considering Hilsa egg as a value added product in the country’s market and abroad. © Copyright Down To Earth 2020. Chandpur is popularly known as the city of Hilsa in Bangladesh. ABM Arman Hossain1*, Shankor Bisshas2, Md. The fish has a wide distribution and is found in marine, estuarine and riverine habitats. But for breeding purposes it has to come to the upstream or rivers. The national fish of Bangladesh contributes to around 12% of overall fish production in the country, which is equivalent to around 1% of the country’s GDP. Hilsa exploited from different rivers in different regions of the country are landed in plenty at Chandpur Fish Landing Center. Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) is the single largest fishery of Bangladesh. Later, the preserved eggs are traded in our country and exported to different countries in the world including India, Malaysia, UK, USA, Saudi Arabia and some European countries. Published. More than a dish, the hilsa fish transcends the culinary world to become a part of Bengali culture. It is the national fish of Bangladesh. Ashikur Rahman3 and Md. People are hired from Mymensingh, Jamalpur and Sherpur districts by the fish traders for this work. As a kid growing up in Bengal, I used to look forward to the arrival of Hilsa in the markets, soon after the onset of monsoon. Hilsa eggs are collected from the landed Hilsa fishes that are lower grade in terms of quality. In this process Hilsa eggs are collected in several rooms in the fish landing center which are used as a temporary preservation room. It is a very popular and sought-after food fish in the Indian Subcontinent. The authors are thankful to the Hilsa fish traders of Chandpur fish landing center and the workers in the channel. From them, the eggs are exported to different countries in the world including India, Malaysia, UK, USA, Saudi Arabia and some European countries. In Bangladesh, it is illegal to catch, carry or sell catch juvenile hilsa (jatka) from November 1 to June 30 or catch mother hilsa during the breeding season, usually September and October. The sea food companies further process and preserve the purchased Hilsa eggs of their own way. A fish called hilsa A sumptuous Bengali feast is incomplete without the hilsa. Hilsa: The fish that is being loved to death. Country Name of animal Scientific name (Latin name) Pictures Ref. The whole sale rate ranges from 1000 to 1500 taka/kg depending on the quality of Hilsa egg. Nearly 16.4% of the country's total fish production is contributed by this fishery. The Hilsa fish is a very important species of fish. But a senior official from Myanmar's Department of Fisheries said hilsa were still abundant in the country. “Hilsa shoals cannot enter a river unless the depth is 30-40 feet. Cooked with mustard oil or seeds, it is considered to be a mouthwatering delicacy in Bangladesh and in the Indian state of West Bengal. Thanks to you for watching How To Cut Hilsa Fish Easily with Knife Bangladesh National Fish Ilish Fish Processing At Home. The hilsa is a staple of the diet in Myanmar and Bangladesh Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) - a kind of Indian herring - used to be abundant in the waters … Collection system of Hilsa egg: The sources of Hilsa and Hilsa egg were found out and collection system of Hilsa egg was determined. This ban was introduced by the government in 2011 to protect fragile stocks of hilsa, the country’s national fish. Primary data were collected from direct observation through personal interview following a structured questionnaire with the fishermen, fisher folk, retailer and local transporters. We believe strongly that we can and must do things differently. The upstream migration during the main breeding season depends largely on the commencement of the Southwest monsoon and consequent flooding of the major rivers of Iran, Bangladesh, Burma and India (Roomiani et al., 2014). Down To Earth is a product of our commitment to make changes in the way we manage our environment, protect health and secure livelihoods and economic security for all. Istiaque Haidar3, Aovijite Bosu3, Md. Supply chain analysis of Hilsa egg: Supply chain analysis of Hilsa egg was assessed and determined for better understanding of trade and export channel. Hilsa is a highly fecund fish that may produce up to 2 million eggs (Rahman et al., 2017). The fish has enormous benefits for human health due to its availability of essential micronutrients, minerals, and polyunsaturated fatty acids (i.e., omega-3 fatty acids) in its flesh and other edible parts of the body. Lower graded Hilsa in terms of quality are separated from the landed Hilsa and from them Hilsa eggs are collected. That means these Hilsa fishes can’t be sold at better prices. Bangladesh's total income from all fish exports was us $24.77 million in 2002-2003. Hilsa fish is a rich, oily fish packed with many nutrients. Monjurul Hasan3, Md. The eggs are packed in the plastic boxes which are then stored in large Styrofoam boxes covered with ice and then sold to sea food companies of Chattagram, Bangladesh. Data were collected regarding following topics:-. It lays its eggs in large rivers despite being a sea fish and their young are caught while swimming back to the sea since they are the most delicious. A very popular fish in Southeast Asia, it is the national fish of Bangladesh. Together we build journalism that is independent, credible and fearless. A type of oily fish which is common in Bengali and Oriya cuisines. The eggs are kept stacked after the collection. Bangladesh claims to account for 60% of the Hilsa catch every year and it is the country’s national fish. Ilish or Hilsa is the national fish of Bangladesh. Hilsa, the national fish of Bangladesh, is mainly exported from the Pathorghata, Bhola, Barishal, Kalapara districts of Barishal division and from Chandpur under Chattogram division. The study was conducted in Chandpur district as Hilsa from different regions and different landing centers are landed there and it’s the transition zone for Hilsa trade. Hilsa accounts for 12 percent of the total fish production in Bangladesh and has a market value of about Tk 17,000 crore a year or one percent of the GDP. Ilish is the Bengali name of Hilsa fish. About 3225 processed boxes of Hilsa eggs were found to be transported during the studied period (Figure 5). Our aim is to bring you news, perspectives and knowledge to prepare you to change the world. About 2% … This will mean a lot for our ability to bring you news, perspectives and analysis from the ground so that we can make change together. But sources in the department of fisheries (dof) of the country's ministry of fisheries and livestock (mofl) reveal that hilsa has either become extinct or its numbers have fallen steeply in 20 rivers. Due to its export potentiality, the authority should give concern on its trade and make a plan for considering Hilsa egg as a value added product in the country’s market and abroad. There has been a 20 per cent decline in hilsa catch from rivers over the past 17 years (see table: On the wane). It is the national fish of the country and it makes a huge contribution to the national economy and employment (Haldar, 2001). The ilish (Tenualosa ilisha) (Bengali: ইলিশ, romanized: iliš), also known as the ilisha, hilsa, hilsa herring or hilsa shad, is a species of fish related to the herring, in the family Clupeidae. iMedPub LTD Last revised : November 30, 2020, Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Hilsa eggs are collected from Chandpur, and then transported to Chattagram and from there exported to abroad. The traders of Chandpur Fish Landing Center sell Hilsa eggs to different sea food companies in Chattagram. It is commercially very important is some south Asian countries. But very soon Bengalis in Bangladesh might well have to do without it. The Styrofoam boxes are transported to Dhaka, Chattagram and Sylhet by truck or pickup. Chandpur is popularly known as the city of Hilsa in Bangladesh. This despite the increase in Bangladesh's total haul of the fish due to heavy fishing in the sea. Hilsa Fish is the National fish of Bangladesh Where found Hilsa fish Ilish or Hilsa fish has a wide range of distribution and occurs in marine, estuarine and riverine environments of Bangladesh. It is a very tasty and delicious fish. You can further help us by making a donation. Figure 3: Pictorial view of Hilsa egg packaging materials (plastic boxes). The aim of this study is to determine the supply chain analysis of Hilsa egg and to assess the prospects for effective management and monitoring of this trade and export potentialities. Each box’s holding capacity is two and half kilograms of Hilsa eggs. Preservation system of Hilsa egg: The preservation system of Hilsa egg and the materials used for preservation were figured out. For instance, the fish has virtually vanished from the 170-km-long Karnaphuli river. In the other trade channel, Hilsa eggs are sold to different sea food companies of Chattagram and from them Hilsa eggs are exported to India, Malaysia, UK and USA mainly after the processing (Figure 1). A Bengali proverb is “Macher raja Ilish” which means “Hilsa is the king of fish” (Sarker et al., 2016). A research project said that the hilsa is the single most valuable fishery in Bangladesh. Hilsa has secured recognition as the second geographical indication (GI) product of Bangladesh (“Hilsa recognised Bangladesh’s,” 2017). Hilsa fish curry is the national dish of Bangladesh Hilsa (or ilish) curry is the national dish of Bangladesh, made from the Hilsa fish, and is one of the most popular traditional Bangladeshi dishes. This measure has reversed the earlier declining trend of the fish catch. The most famous hilsh fish comes from Chandpur District, Bangladesh. the ilish lives in the sea for most of its life, but then it migrates into the river. Its natural habitat is the estuaries or the seas. The common Indian shad ‘hilsa’, the national fish of Bangladesh, belongs to the Clupeidaefamily under the genus Tenualosaand species ilisha,and is anadromous in nature.
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