catfish species list

[14][15][16][17][18], Most catfish are bottom feeders. [34], Catfish also have a sound-generating mechanism in their pectoral fins. In these fishes, sonic muscles insert on the ramus Mulleri, also known as the elastic spring. Anchariidae According to morphological data, Diplomystidae is usually considered to be the earliest branching catfish lineage and the sister group to the other two lineages, Loricarioidei and Siluroidei. Several species of panaque are popular … In Central Europe, catfish were often viewed as a delicacy to be enjoyed on feast days and holidays. Taxonomy & science news ; African catfishes; Asian … [7] In some catfish, the skin is covered in bony plates called scutes; some form of body armor appears in various ways within the order. Between 2003 and 2005, over 100 species have been named, a rate three times faster than that of the past century. [69], Phylogeny of living Siluriformes based on 2017[70] and extinct families based on Nelson, Grande & Wilson 2016. A large amount of the lake has shoreline access and plenty of shoreline suitable for launching kayaks or small jon boats. This catfish has been featured on popular television shows that are centered on the topic of large fish, such as River Monsters.   Conorhynchos In Malaysia catfish, called ikan keli, is fried with spices or grilled and eaten with tamarind and Thai chillies gravy and also is often eaten with steamed rice. The catfish species listed here are some of the most popular among hobbyists. Notes are given about some of the features used to tell different families apart, click here if you need some help with these anatomical terms. They can occasionally grow to 200 kg (440 lbs), as evidenced by numerous catches. However, the European stock of American catfishes has not achieved the dimensions of these fish in their native waters, and have only increased the ecological pressure on native European fauna. Callichthyidae [28], The retina of catfish are composed of single cones and large rods. [31] The total number of fringes and their length are different in the caudal and cranial portions between species. Due to these constraints, some fish may not even be able to produce a specific sound. In some catfishes, pectoral fins are longer in males than in females of similar length, and differences in the characteristic of the sounds produced were also observed. [7] However, some families, notably Loricariidae and Astroblepidae, have a suckermouth that allows them to fasten themselves to objects in fast-moving water. photo via: DCL Habitat: South America; Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru and Venezuela Status: Not Evaluated Starting off our list of freaky whiskered fish is this species of thorny catfish called the Ripsaw Catfish or Cuiu Cuiu (Oxydoras niger).It’s a a living fossil, with ancestors being traced back to the … Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. Ariidae [5] They are most diverse in tropical South America, Asia, and Africa, with one family native to North America and one family in Europe. [32][34] The movement is analogous to a finger moving down the teeth of a comb, and consequently a series of sharp taps is produced. [6], The taxonomy of catfish is quickly changing. Fish Identification: Find Species (See list of species below) Select Class: Myxini Cephalaspidomorphi Elasmobranchii Holocephali Actinopterygii Sarcopterygii Many catfish have a tapetum lucidum which may help enhance photon capture and increase low-light sensitivity. [5][55][56][57] Many sources do not list the recently revised family Anchariidae. Fish. (2007). Catfish are of considerable commercial importance; many of the larger species are farmed or fished for food. (2016): Phylogenetic Relationships of Five Asian Schilbid Genera Including. [61][62][67] However, a recent study based on molecular data argued that the previous "molecular" hypothesis is the result of phylogenetic artifacts due to a strong heterogeneity in evolutionary rates among siluriform lineages. .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.7em;padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;border-bottom:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.first{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.last{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar.reverse{text-align:right;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf.reverse{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkA{background-color:yellow}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkB{background-color:green}, By information from International Game Fish Association IGFA the most outstanding record:[72], This article is about the animal. Aspredinidae In 2003, The United States Congress passed a law preventing the imported fish from being labeled as catfish. South American catfishes (Everything else), Please donate to our monthly hosting costs.

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