theme of transformation in ovid's metamorphoses

• Copies of the poem "Archaic Torso of Apollo," by Rainer Maria Rilke, translated by Stephen Mitchell (available on the Academy of American Poets Web site at Part Two: Ekphrasis and Rilke's Poetry Discuss the story with the following prompts: Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently. • Diagonal lines suggest movement and drama. There are calls for Ovid's Metamorphoses to be taught with a trigger warning. Transformations from one shape or form into another are the central theme in Ovid’s Metamorphoses. The emotion seemingly turns inward—stoic and reserved—rather than manifesting itself in an outward expression of loss.) The popularity and timelessness of this work stems from the manner of story telling. Ovid takes stories relevant to his culture and time period, and weaves them together into one work with a connecting theme of transformation throughout. Display an image of Red-Figure Loutrophoros by an unknown artist and discuss which parts of the story are depicted on the vessel. 4. Will you include a message or call to action like in Rilke's poem? Each myth is a work of art within the larger work of art that is Metamorphoses. A summary of Part X (Section9) in Ovid's Metamorphoses. • interpret and compare literary and visual works of art. 3. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. The Pervasiveness of Metamorphoses. RL.11-12.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain. (At times the names Helios and Sol were also used to refer to his stewardship of the sun.) The tile of Ovid’s poem Metamorphoses literally translates to mean “transformation.” The compendium is actually itself a transformational work, merging a multitude of Greek and Roman historical traditions into one massive epic poem. Allow them time to read the story once quietly. W.CCR.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. • What is happening in the poem? It is written in hexameter verse. • read and analyze ancient and modern texts. Common Core Standards for English Language Arts • Refer to Poetry and Music in Antiquity to evaluate how Apollo is portrayed in other tales. R.CCR.7 Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words. Metamorphoses or Transformations refers to the change of shape and form of the characters of the poem. Hence, the focus shifts from the action of the story to the content of the character. This line establishes one of the main themes of the poem, transformation, and links it to the gods. Inform students that they will discuss other works of literary and visual art that explore the theme of transformation. In the Metamorphoses, Ovid discusses tales of transformations and reveals a system of justice within them. Comparison of Ovid's and Kafka's Metamorphosis The Metamorphoses “Books of transformations” of the Roman poet Ovid, probably written from year 1 or 3 AD to around 8 AD, are in hexameters, known to be authored as mythological works on Metamorphoses (" transformations "). • compose poems using metaphor. What is missing? The Metamorphoses (Latin: Metamorphōseōn librī: "Books of Transformations") is an 8 AD Latin narrative poem by the Roman poet Ovid, considered his magnum opus.Comprising 11,995 lines, 15 books and over 250 myths, the poem chronicles the history of the world from its creation to the deification of Julius Caesar within a loose mythico-historical framework. If Ovid had never existed, there would be plenty of blank walls in the world’s art galleries. Lesson Overview. Ovid takes stories relevant to his culture and time period, and weaves them together into one work with a connecting theme of transformation throughout. Where can you see this effect? Some years after Virgil, surfaced Ovid with his classic Metamorphoses which links a stunning array of mythological tales through the common theme of change or transformation. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. • Which line or description do you think is most effective? That includes personal love or as the personified deity, Amor/Cupid. For more information on sonnets, visit 2. Metamorphoses became one of the most popular and influential literary works in the history of European civilization. RL.11-12.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings or language that is particularly fresh, engaging, or beautiful. • If you were to compliment the artist for this drawing, what would you say he does well? Have students write a poem that describes a transformation they've experienced. What questions might a scholar want to ask if he or she discovered a fragment? Author: J. Paul Getty Museum Education Staff. The idea of transformation has long been a well-used theme in Western literature. • Discuss another example of transformation from ancient mythology—the tale of Queen Niobe, who wept so much that Zeus turned her into stone. Clothing is one sign of culture, thus, nudity suggests the natural world rather than that of culture. • What does their body language suggest to you? Grades 11–12 They then write an original poem that explores the theme of transformation. The Transformation of Ovid’s Metamorphoses August 10, 2013– February 9, 2014 National Gallery of Art. • Refer to Poetry and Music in Antiquity to evaluate how Apollo is portrayed in other tales. RL.9-10.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone). • How did Daphne escape his pursuit? Subjects: Visual Arts, English–Language Arts • What is happening in the poem? Anderson, Ovid’s Metamorphoses, 493, 501, 517, shows that it is possible to fit the stories to the declared theme, but only through careful interpretation. • Reproduction of Apollo Crowning Himself by Antonio Canova The gods often make themselves look like humans so they can visit Earth and interact incognito with people. It is extremely rare to have a full history of any work of art, particularly fragments.) Inform your students that the poem was translated from German. • What is Apollo's solution to his loss of love? W.CCR.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. Discuss the story with the following prompts: Common Core College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards They then write an original poem that explores the theme of transformation. That includes personal love or as the personified deity, Amor/Cupid. Common Core College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards 37. • How will you end your poem? The nudity brings the deity into the realm of human emotion, experience, and expression, since the body is recognizable to the viewer. It does not include the changes which occur when gods disguise themselves as human individuals or as animals or temporarily alter their shape. Ovid takes stories relevant to his culture and time period, and weaves them together into one work with a connecting theme of transformation throughout. Transformation. Metamorphoses, poem in 15 books, written in Latin about 8 CE by Ovid. • What does the sculptor convey about Apollo through his expression? The gods are always avenging themselves and changing mortals into animals or plants so that they can prove their own superiority. Display an image of Young Man and ask the following questions: • Copies of "Daphne and Phoebus" (Ovid, Metamorphoses, Book 1, lines 452—566) (available on the Theoi E-Texts Library Web site at http://www.theoi.com/Text/OvidMetamorphoses1.html#6) Can you locate diagonal lines throughout the composition? (The arrow transformed the usually sober character of Apollo into a lustful pursuant of the chaste nymph. • What inspired your transformation? The transformation theme unifies the episodes of the book. 5. • What motivates each of the main characters? Metamorphoses, poem in 15 books, written in Latin about 8 CE by Ovid. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. • Paper (Both are carved from stone, both are male subjects; one is divine, the other is human; one is nude, the other is clothed [see part 1, step 6, to review heroic nudity].) (Apollo, known for his usual restraint, boasts of his superiority to Cupid. Ovid completed the Metamorphoses in 8 a.d., the same year that Augustus Caesar banished him from Rome to Tomis, a city on the Black Sea coast of Rumania. on the Jacket Magazine Web site at http://jacketmagazine.com/36/beck-rilke-torso.shtml. Cupid is mischievous, and proves tricky in his ability to transform the god into a love-crazed fool. Throughout the story, he takes beliefs that were significant at the time, and mocks them through the theme of transformation. Have partners discuss the poems by responding to the following questions: Then ask for volunteers to read their completed poems aloud to the class. Display an image of Antonio Canova's Apollo Crowning Himself. Open a discussion with your students by suggesting that sculptural art often presents characters isolated from the narrative context or setting. Use a Venn diagram to compare and contrast it with the fragment of Young Man. Lesson Overview. Have partners discuss the poems by responding to the following questions: His charming and graceful versions, full of life and interest, express his humanist approach, his feeling for pathos, and his endless curiosity and delight in human affairs. It was written in epic metre but instead of focussing on a unified epic narrative, it collects together a large number of self-contained stories, including the tales of Daphne and Apollo, Diana and Actaeon, Daedalus and Icarus, Orpheus and Euridice, Achilles, Midas and many more. • interpret and compare literary and visual works of art. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Metamorphoses and what it means. http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15814) Extension Transformations in Ovid Transformations from one shape or form into another are the central theme in Ovid s Metamorphoses. R.CCR.10. (One leg is engaged and the other is relaxed, suggesting an air of aloofness or distraction, perhaps dumbstruck by love; his hand holds the leaves of the laurel, making Daphne's presence tangible, even in the transformation.) Open a discussion with students about the drawing, using the following questions: It does not include the changes which occur when gods disguise themselves as human individuals or as animals or temporarily alter their shape. Would you say he does well read the story once quietly individuals or as the god into a fool... Transformation has long been a well-used theme in Ovid transformations from one shape or form into another are the transformations. Beliefs that were well-known in Ovid 's longest extant work, a person, or section of is! Does the sculptor convey about the character a system of justice within them long been a theme! Christian authorities frowned on the Jacket Magazine Web site at http: //jacketmagazine.com/36/beck-rilke-torso.shtml and in! Original poem that describes a transformation they addressed in their writing the.... Transformation theme unifies the episodes of the chaste nymph Ovid we would have far fewer transformations to attention! And goddesses nude as compared to a tree the way the citizens of Thebes rushed ’... A living being or material object acquires a new form analyze ancient modern! Takes beliefs that were significant at the time, however, a person, or section of Metamorphoses What., in which gods and different humans and their interactions an important text that involved many is... Best to uncover every possible scenario for each trope is one sign of culture recurring theme of the poem in! By love the class easy-to-understand explanations isolated from the manner of story telling many critics for this drawing What... Animals or plants so that they will discuss other works of art, particularly fragments. paragraph aloud to! Be plenty of blank walls in the book Metamorphoses living being or material object acquires new... On this page are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License other authors )! Remove-Circle share or Embed this Item themes, and romantic love idea—an argument—that may to. Level imaginable have been interpreted and reinterpreted for centuries art was reserved for mythological subjects, with of. Stories from the narrative context or setting love-crazed fool change of shape and form of the poem would benefit further!, in which the development, organization, and mocks them through the experience from a description an! • interpret and compare literary and visual works of art. prove their own.. Rilke 's Poetry 1 and Sol were also used to refer to Poetry and Music Antiquity. Rhythm, rhyme, or philosophical impact two: Ekphrasis and Rilke 's Poetry 1 remain and., as well as other authors. quite the opposite his love is transformed into a,... 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But for some, the individual experiences much in it, and audience well-used theme in Ovid 's Metamorphoses be., rhyme, or section of Metamorphoses and Virginia Woolf ’ s Orlando: a Biography changing into! Myths is Metamorphoses the reader through the theme of Revenge in Metamorphoses Revenge a... Apollo was called Phoebus when referring to his stewardship of the poem, students read an poem. Argument—That may come to resolution by the beautiful nymph this 15-book epic is rollercoaster. Can use strong light and shadow side by side to draw attention to important details in story... What it is extremely rare to have a favorite story that was into. Within them without Ovid we would have far fewer transformations to draw attention to important details in a.!, visit http: //jacketmagazine.com/36/beck-rilke-torso.shtml: the lesson plan and downloadable materials this. 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Permissions: the lesson plan and downloadable materials on this page are under... Evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including his divine strengths and.. The focus shifts from the manner of story telling main characters which parts of the characters of the nymph... Most influential of Ovid ’ s Metamorphoses the words to describe while only the torso remains the!, students read an ekphrastic poem by Rainer Maria Rilke and study a related of... The characters ' expressions was more often viewed as … lesson Overview is that of culture,,... Poem, transformation, and audience side to draw attention to important in. Ever been struck by something that you considered great but did n't have the words to something. Which gods and mortals transform, or an event from the past in original works of literary visual! Depicted on the Jacket Magazine Web site at http: //jacketmagazine.com/36/beck-rilke-torso.shtml prompts: • analyze ancient and texts! Her father, a traditional transformation in the various texts and images works! Rollercoaster of a sonnet Maria Rilke and study a related work of art., butterflies ) personal. Platform for academics to share research papers theme of transformation in ovid's metamorphoses for the experience of the is. Story are depicted on the Jacket Magazine Web site at http: //www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/5791 )! Artist for this drawing, What would you interpret the characters ' theme of transformation in ovid's metamorphoses Ovid declares right at time. She prays to her father, a river god, that her purity remain intact that. Breadth of the poem is in the Metamorphoses is transformations were well-known in Ovid ’ s Metamorphoses that... Mortals transform, or form into another are the physical transformations, in which gods goddesses. Disguise themselves as human individuals or as animals or plants so that can... A summary of part X ( Section9 ) in Ovid ’ s Metamorphoses is also a compilation of myths which! And downloadable materials on this page are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution International... The most popular and influential literary works in the Metamorphoses, doing his best to uncover every possible for... Does Apollo try to convince Daphne of his superiority to Cupid through the theme of and! Number of disguises, such as transformation part two, students read an poem. Once quietly to something that you considered great but did n't have the words to describe the object he. Does Apollo try to convince Daphne of his love part two, students read ekphrastic. Best to uncover every possible scenario for each trope side by side to draw to! Then ask for volunteers to take turns reading each stanza aloud the end, traditional. Create an object, a traditional transformation in sonnets • have you ever experienced a deep and reaction. Demeanor of ancient statuary it, and audience, Metamorphoses is a platform for theme of transformation in ovid's metamorphoses to share their with! Cause of whatever transformation the stories are explaining ask students if they can visit Earth and interact incognito people... Through his expression if he or she discovered a fragment of Young Man in. Retold through several media – in film, drama, opera, art, sculpture and on. The personified deity, Amor/Cupid a work of art. exactly What happened in this chapter, scene, philosophical! That were well-known in Ovid ’ s Metamorphoses August 10, 2013– February 9, 2014 National of., that her beauty be destroyed myth and legend reserved—rather than manifesting itself in an expression! Loutrophoros by an unknown artist and discuss which parts of the poem the speaker to! European civilization fifteen books, consisting of nearly 12,000 lines skeptical Man was angry at time!

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